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Welcome to NACIS 2014 in Pittsburgh! This is the annual meeting of the North American Cartographic Information Society (NACIS). The theme for this year’s meeting is Cartography and Time. See the schedule below and go to the NACIS website for more details.

[If you are a presenter and want to provide a link to your slides in your presentation description below, send an email to veep@nacis.org.]

The North American Cartographic Information Society, founded in 1980, is an organization comprised of specialists from private, academic, and government organizations whose common interest lies in facilitating communication in the map information community.

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Friday, October 10 • 4:00pm - 5:30pm
History of Cartography

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From Ruling Pen to GIS: Women Cartographers in the 20th Century
Judith Tyner, California State University, Long Beach
From an unsung female cartographer/map publisher in the nineteen-teens through the many women mapmakers of World War II to the early pioneers in GIS, the role of women in cartography in the 20th century has only recently begun to be explored.  While Marie Tharp is probably the most visible and honored woman, there were many others who not only furthered the role of women, but also the advancement of the field.  This paper looks at the history of women in cartography, their achievements and watershed moments through the activities and accomplishments of selected women in publishing, research, government, academia, and GIS.

Schiehallion's Legacy: Contours, Cross Sections and Cartographic Relief in the Age of Big Data
Andrea Hansen, Harvard University Graduate School of Design
Data permeates our lives. Smartphones, the internet-of-things, and logistics have ensured that data about nearly anything is voluminous and easily accessible. However, the sheer volume of data produced on a daily basis can be overwhelming. How can we see the signal through the noise? How can we harness the power of big data while also remaining true to the founding principles of beautifully simple cartography?

Visualizing Systems is a project devoted to cataloguing maps and visualizations of urban, regional, and global systems ranging from watersheds to distribution chains to social networks. The project highlights cartographic time by drawing connections between historical precedents and contemporary cartography. This session focuses on Chapter One of Visualizing Systems, Geological Systems. By revisiting the invention of spot-elevations, contours, hachure, etc., I'll propose best practices for 3D, web, and interactive topography using case studies from MIT's Tangible Media Lab, Harvard's metaLAB, MapBox, etc.

A Survey of World Map Projections Appearing in World Atlases: Rise of the Pseudocylindrics
Fritz Kessler, Frostburg State University
Daniel Strebe, Mapthematics LLC
We report on a survey that examined the type and frequency of map projections devoted to thematic world maps in world atlases. Our survey examined 256 world atlases from 28 countries resulting in data on 4,349 individual map projections. Primary findings suggest that hemispheric projections were chiefly used for world maps into the late 1800s at which time a slow adoption of cylindrics began replacing hemispheric projections. New pseudocylindric projections were introduced throughout the early 1900s. The 1950s and 2000s showed a spike in the variety of projections used. Overall, equivalent and compromise projections were more frequently used than projections with other properties. While the Mercator appeared often, by no means did it dominate world atlases. Other projections such as the Winkel Tripel, Robinson, and Gall's stereographic were commonly incorporated into world atlases. European world atlases tended to include a greater variety of map projections in world atlases than other countries.

Map making and geography in ancient Arabia
Amna Alzeyoudi, United Arab Emirates University
Naeema Alhosani, United Arab Emirates University
Abdelgadir Abuelgasim, United Arab Emirates University
The evolution of map making is linked to the development of geographic research starting from the first human map of the world to the modern digital, interactive and descriptive maps nowadays. The purpose of this research is to describe the map making science in ancient Arabia. With the expansion of Arab dominance in the post Islam era, it was a recognized necessity to excel in maps and develop accurate representation of the world. Arab geographers like Ibn Hawqel, put significant emphasis in geographically describing and mapping Dar-Al Islam and the world beyond. Further, he worked in correcting previous maps that lead to an extraordinary leap in geographic knowledge at the time. His geographic science went beyond physical boundaries to include a human geographic component. In his book "Earth Picture" he describes map making and geography as "It's a unique science to kings, politicians and the gentleman of all classes".



Moderators
AH

Adele Haft

Hunter College, The City University of New York

Speakers
AA

Amna Alzeyoudi

United Arab Emirates University
AH

Andrea Hansen

Harvard University Graduate School of Design
FK

Fritz Kessler

Frostburg State University
JT

Judith Tyner

California State University, Long Beach


Friday October 10, 2014 4:00pm - 5:30pm
Marquis C Pittsburgh Marriott City Center

Attendees (16)